If you are looking for a heater, then there are several options out there. Central heaters, space heaters, and heat pumps are all quite common and each has their own uses. To help you make a more informed decision about your HVAC, here are some of the key differences between the three:
Central heaters use a variety of mechanisms (gas vs electric power for instance), but they all tend to serve a similar function. Central heaters are usually located somewhere that is out of the way (like a garage) and generate a lot of heat. This heat is then distributed throughout the house via the ventilation system. This allows central heaters to effectively heat the entire home despite the fact that the actual production of heat is limited to a single location.
Central heaters tend to be pretty efficient with fuel when compared to space heaters, and they are much more efficient that heat pumps when the temperature differential between the interior and exterior of the house is large. However, they might be overkill if you only need to heat a single room.
Like central heaters, there is some variety within the broader category of space heaters. Convection and radiant heaters are both common and have slightly different characteristics that affect how they operate. Space heaters are great for providing heat to single rooms, since they are both small and relatively portable. Radiant heaters are good for quickly heating up people and objects in a room, while convection heaters are better if you want to make a room actually warmer (which results in a room that will stay warm after the heater is turned off). Space heaters with fans are good choices if you want to target a specific area of the room for heating, such as a chair or couch.
Space heaters are among the best options if you need to quickly heat up a single room, but they aren't quite as efficient as central heaters.
Finally, you have heat pumps, which are fairly different from the other two options. Heat pumps can also serve as air conditioners during hot months, which means that you can save money by combining both appliances into one. The main thing to know about heat pumps is that they are extremely effective when the temperatures of the exterior and interior are similar, but they quickly lose that effectiveness if the gap between the two becomes too big.
Talk to local contractors, such as Kangas Burner & Heating Service, for more information.